Biodiversity of Nepal

Nepal has 49th position in the World Biodiversity. There are over 22,000 species reported from Nepal, i.e., 1.3% of the global biodiversity. In richness of flowering plant species, the country holds 27th position in the world and 10th in Asia. There are 6653 species and sub-species of Angiosperms, 28 species of Gymnosperms, 1001 Algae, 2025 Fungi, 771 Lichens, 1150 Bryophytes and 534 Pteridophytes in Nepal. Number of faunal species recorded from the country is over eleven thousand (210 mammals, 871 birds, 228 fishes, over 12957 insects, 137 reptiles, 53 amphibia, 168 Platyhelminthes. Plants and animals occur up to snowline which lies at up to 5500 m in general. Bacteria has been reported from an altitude 8308 m (Hong and Li 1996, cited in TISC 2002). Cultivation of farm crop can be seen up to 4200 m, and rice is cultivated up to 2900 m in Jumla. Orchids and rhododendrons add beauty to the Nepalese biodiversity.

Welcome to Asian Elephant Conservation

Large scale trails must be done to make a bold statement so we are planning for that. Instant conflict resolution and compensation was a troublesome issue we were advised to deal with. Instant elephant deterrence methods are likely to act in case of Nepal because continuous confrontation of elephant and human for long time during nights results in some serious issues. Compensation policy biases the houses for none human killings as well as house destruction because they don’t have the papers of land holding. They have settled in the past by clearing the forest so they are not able to get compensation. No policy has been made for these poor landless and homeless peoples. So we plan to address these issues. People were found nothing known about the insurance scheme of government of Nepal. I realize one-time monetary compensation as it exists now seems not so desirable and feasible in the long run.

Rather, it would be better if the management could establish an insurance system for the people of vulnerable areas. Similarly, provision for (as and when needed) regular allowance and placement of the victims and victims’ families in suitable jobs could be a more reasonable and practical approach to compensation for wildlife victims. So there are a lot of issues to address elephant conservation and human elephant conflict mitigation. I plan to act accordingly and work for elephant conservation seeing the need of the community.