We are doing the research like every day to get the result of the current scenario of environment form animals, plants, soil and other natural resources. We have done plenty of research on both natural resources and animals and birds and all of them are successful. Natural resources are extremely important to life on earth. Naural resources are the foundation of food chains and to maintain it, the animals play the vital role in almost every ecosystem. Animals know how to be in nature very well and play a major role in the jungle. Recently, we are doing research on Centro-Eastern Elephant and it allows us to learn about the life cycle of elephant and how many elephants are important in the forest.
- The Centro-Eastern Elephant corridor expedition
- Habitat Suitability modeling, walks trails of Asian Elephant and HEC interface in Central Nepal.
We have taken a journey by a group of our staff and some village people with a purpose of getting the consequence of life cycle of an Asian elephant. For this studies, We have chosen the conservation area of Central Nepal. On the conservation area of Nepal, you can find numerous kind of plants and animals and as it is, in this Central Nepal conservation area, we have also found a lot of new things. According to past records. it is known that the biggest Asian elephant is in Nepal known as "Bhimgaaj." Til to our research, it seems the Asian elephants are bit different from the African elephant. Elephants are a fundamental part of Nepalese culture and have a long history of domestication of wild elephants.
- The Centro-Eastern Elephant corridor expedition.
- Sharing Information of Suitable Habitats of Asian elephant, their walk trails for Villagers in Central Nepal.
In the context of the conservation area of Nepal, having the wildfire, global warming, deforestation and many other reasons in the jungle it is difficult to get food for animals so, elephants come to near village to manage from starvation. Accordingly, research efforts have found an effective way, farmer-managed deterrents that are both socially and economically suitable especially in ‘conflict’ zones where effective electric fences to separate humans from elephants are neither feasible nor affordable. Locals in and around our central Nepal study sites tell anecdotes of elephants being ‘afraid’ of bees. So, to protect crops from crop-raiding elephants they are farming beekeeping.
The Beehive Fences are simple and cheap and do not need any cement and with the help of using only locally sourced materials, we can build it. Before in Nepal, India, Bangladesh, and the African countries have already used this method and because of their positive result. So, we also used that technology and after bee farming around the crop areas, we have done Pre-intervention and post-intervention survey to observe the change. And we found positive change in attitude as well as other social factors. Acceptance of this new method after the deterrence activity was found positive. Because of this technology, it makes profit to the farmers in both ways. Firstly, by cultivating crops and secondly by honey bee.
Some of the regions of Nepal, there is fewer in number for livelihood skill which can continuously give the rural community income and food at least twice in a year. Some of the livelihood skill is beekeeping. Beekeeping describes the skill of keeping bees for income and food. Beekeeping offers a good opportunity for farmers to start up a small-scale business. It's a home business so according to Nepal law, home business does not need to pay tax to the government. Bees produce several products including honey, beeswax, pollen, royal jelly and venom, which all have the various applications. By our expert and professionals provide you training on beekeeping. The motive of training was achieved because the farmers are now looking after the hives.
The mustard field yield increased by 25% from the past year. This year, the farmers believed bees were responsible for increase in yield. Honeybees are an integral part of the human food chain as pollinators of crops. As pollinators, they also have an essential role in maintaining mountain biodiversity and the mountain environment. As we know that bees need farmers and farmers need bees to increase the crop pollination and make it effective. Not only does the crop have to be in bloom but it must be accessible to its pollinators. In tropical regions and temperate regions of Nepal, some crops like mangoes and almonds or cherries, respectively, have periods of mass blooming over relatively short time spans, and it requires an extremely high in pollinators.
We achieved our motive; Elephant was found deterred twice out of three attempts. For the research purpose, we have to wait for maize season to make a bold statement. Here we present results from a research study to conducted and to evaluate the concept of using beehives to mitigate elephant crop wasting. In the current scenario, elephants in Nepal are not limited to National Parks and reserves. Speciﬁcally crop raiding by elephants targeting ﬁelds poses a serious problem like social, economic and conservation problems in a country like Nepal as it does in many other parts of the country and with this technology, this kind of problem can be solved.
Agriculture is a major industry in Nepal. 60 £ was spent on one beehive out of which farmers had already earned 45 £ till now in consecutive three harvests. Because of this business, farmers has built their confidence and added some income. They asked us to add more bee hives which have both benefits. Most of the high-value crops such as almonds and mustards depend on the commercial beekeeper’s pollination services and honey bees are considered as high-value pollinator all around the world. Beekeeping is the most important and profitable business, honey is the most well-known and profitable of the direct products resulting from the efforts of the honey bee.
We harvested honey once in two months, and we obtained about 5 kgs of honey per hive which were sold at Rs. 600(4.6 £) per kg total earning about Rs. 3000(23.07 £) per hive. Sometimes beekeepers ask money for the pollination services to bloom the commercial crops. Beekeepers may consider themselves sufficiently rewarded by the honey product derived from such crops. Honey production and crop pollination have to be exploited for the agriculture development and poverty reduction in Nepal. Millions of pounds of honey are produced each year in the country and bring billions of rupees of revenue .